Over the past few years, CASLT and other like-minded associations and stakeholders have conducted research and consultations to better understand Canada’s FSL teacher shortage. In spring 2021, CASLT and ACPI (Association canadienne des professionnels de l’immersion) undertook a study to measure the shortage of FSL teachers across Canada, which revealed a projected shortfall of up to 8000 Core French teachers.

CASLT’s recent pan-Canadian research project, Identifying Gaps and Challenges in FSL Teacher Education: Recommendation and Guidelines, also identified wide inconsistencies in the linguistic training and assessment and the second-language–specific pedagogy pre-service teachers receive in FSL teacher education programs. The findings also revealed that while many students feel well-equipped to teach French when they graduate, they soon discover that their training has significant gaps related to the realities of being a French language teacher. These realities include minimal support, a lack of community, and little to no opportunities for ongoing professional growth.

CASLT’s recent publication, Second Language Teacher Attrition, Retention, and Recruitment: A Literature Review on Issues, Challenges, and Strategies for French as a Second Language Teachers, also highlighted key factors that contribute to FSL teacher attrition, including the following:

  • Pedagogical content knowledge (i.e., knowledge and skill in teaching a second/additional language)
  • Target language proficiency (i.e., knowledge of and ability in the target language, as well as opportunities to practice)
  • Isolation (i.e., lack of community and support from colleagues and administrators and a lack of opportunities to connect and collaborate with other FSL teachers)

The FSL Fundamentals project, funded by Canadian Heritage, aims to address these challenges head-on by:

  • Creating a resource centre on the CASLT CoLab
  • Guiding teachers to create and maintain communities of practice
  • Providing courses for teachers on FSL pedagogy and French language proficiency

Project Objectives

This project will help FSL teachers find support and a sense of community around FSL teaching. It will help them develop their pedagogical and linguistic knowledge, combat professional isolation, and strengthen their sense of identity and self-efficacy as language teachers.

Project Deliverables

Development of an FSL Teacher Support Section in the CASLT CoLab

This section of the platform will include:

  • A series of mini modules on fundamental topics for FSL teachers, such as unit planning and assessment
  • Strategies for teachers to improve their French-language proficiency
  • L+ pedagogy resources

Instructor-Led Courses for FSL Teachers: FSL Pedagogy and Linguistic Proficiency

Each course will run for six weeks during the 2023–2024 school year and will include the following:

Following their delivery, the courses will be adapted for asynchronous learning in the CASLT CoLab.

Communities of Practice

CASLT will organize virtual community-building events through the CASLT CoLab. The events will provide FSL teachers with opportunities to connect and build communities of practice while learning about different aspects of Francophone cultures.

Have any questions regarding this project?

Contact our Projects and Professional Learning Coordinator:


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